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Ginsenoside Rb3 ameliorates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21591990     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Context: Panax ginseng C. A. Mey (Araliaceae) has been widely used in clinic for treatment of cardiovascular diseases in China. Ginsenoside Rb3 is the main chemical component of Panax ginseng. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were orally treated with Rb3 (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg) daily for 3 days followed by subjecting to left anterior descending coronary artery ligation for 30 min and reperfusion for 24 h. Results: This study showed that ginsenoside Rb3 treatment resulted in a reduction in myocardial infarct size. Ginsenoside Rb3 significantly attenuated the changes of creatine kinase activity and lactate dehydrogenase activity. The cardioprotective effect of ginsenoside Rb3 was further confirmed by histopathological examination. Ginsenoside Rb3 alleviated the increase of malondialdehyde content and the decrease of superoxide dismutase activity in left ventricle. Treatment with ginsenoside Rb3 also decreased plasma endothelin and angiotensin II levels. Conclusion: These findings suggested that ginsenoside Rb3 possesses the effect against myocardial IR injury and the underlying mechanism is related to its antioxidant activity and microcirculatory improvement.
Authors:
Yaohui Shi; Bing Han; Xiaofeng Yu; Shaochun Qu; Dayuan Sui
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmaceutical biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-5116     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812552     Medline TA:  Pharm Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Jilin University, Changchun, China.
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