Document Detail


Ginseng berry reduces blood glucose and body weight in db/db mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12046868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, we observed anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effects of Panax ginseng berry in adult C57BL/Ks db/db mice and their lean littermates. Animals received daily intraperitoneal injections of Panax ginseng berry extract at 150 mg/kg body wt. for 12 consecutive days. On Day 5, the extract-treated db/db mice had significantly lower fasting blood glucose levels as compared to vehicle-treated mice (180.5+/-10.2 mg/dl vs. 226.0+/-15.3 mg/dl, P < 0.01). On day 12, the extract-treated db/db mice were normoglycemic (134.3+/-7.3 mg/dl) as compared to vehicle-treated mice (254.8+/-24.1 mg/dl; P < 0.01). Fasting blood glucose levels of lean mice did not decrease significantly after treatment with extract. After 12 days of treatment with the extract, glucose tolerance increased significantly, and overall blood glucose exposure calculated as area under the curve (AUC) decreased 53.4% (P < 0.01) in db/db mice. Furthermore, db/db mice treated with extract (150 mg/kg body wt.) showed weight loss from 51.0+/-1.9 g on Day 0, to 46.6+/-1.7 g on Day 5, and to 45.2+/-1.4 g on Day 12 (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 compared to Day 0, respectively). The body weight of lean littermates also decreased at the same dose of extract. These data suggest that Panax ginseng berry extract may have therapeutic value in treating diabetic and obese patients.
Authors:
J T Xie; Y P Zhou; L Dey; A S Attele; J A Wu; M Gu; K S Polonsky; C S Yuan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0944-7113     ISO Abbreviation:  Phytomedicine     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-05     Completed Date:  2002-12-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9438794     Medline TA:  Phytomedicine     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  254-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research, Department of Anesthesia & Critical Care, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anti-Obesity Agents / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Blood Glucose / drug effects*
Body Weight / drug effects
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
Fruit
Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Injections, Intraperitoneal
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Mice, Obese
Obesity / drug therapy*
Panax*
Phytotherapy*
Plant Extracts / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK31842/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK44840/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Obesity Agents; 0/Blood Glucose; 0/Hypoglycemic Agents; 0/Plant Extracts

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