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Ginkgolide B Reduces Neuronal Cell Apoptosis in the Traumatic Rat Brain: Possible Involvement of Toll-like Receptor 4 and Nuclear Factor Kappa B Pathway.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22422608     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Ginkgolide B (GB) has been demonstrated to have a variety of pharmacological actions. Accumulating evidence indicates that GB may exert a protective effect on brain injury. The study was designed to investigate the influence of GB on toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)-dependent inflammatory responses and neuronal cell apoptosis after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Wistar rats were subjected to 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg GB daily for 5 days, intraperitoneally, following TBI. Rats were sacrificed at hour 2, 6 and 12, as well as day 1, 2, 3 and 5 after TBI. The administration of 10 and 20 mg/kg GB could significantly (least-significant difference test: p < 0.05) suppress gene expressions of TLR-4 and NF-κB, lessen concentrations of tumour necrosis factor α, interleukin-1β and interleukin-6, as well as reduce the number of apoptotic neuronal cells in traumatic rat brain tissues, but the administration of 5 mg/kg GB did not (p > 0.05). However, a clear concentration-response relationship was not found. Thus, GB may inhibit TLR-4 and NF-κB-dependent inflammatory responses, and furthermore lessen neuronal cell apoptosis after TBI, which may support the use of GB for the treatment of TBI. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Wen-Hua Yu; Xiao-Qiao Dong; Yue-Yu Hu; Man Huang; Zu-Yong Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytotherapy research : PTR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1099-1573     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904486     Medline TA:  Phytother Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Department of Neurosurgery, The First Hangzhou Municipal People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Hangzhou, 310000, China.
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