Document Detail

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome in a child with congenital deafness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11794551     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We present the case of a 10-year-old boy, Sam, with congenital deafness and Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS). GTS is characterised by multiple motor tics and one or more vocal tics that wax and wane. Due to his deafness Sam never developed vocal language but instead used sign language from the age of four. His tic disorder rapidly accelerated from the age of seven over a six-month period and soon sign language was incorporated into tics as complex "vocal" tics. Bursting out "words" in sign language would also occur in front of people unfamiliar with sign language and often with an obscene content although this was not evident to someone not trained in sign language. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of a congenital deaf child with GTS. The case presented here supports previously published work that the intentional share of the tics in GTS is very small. This case also questions former theories on which regions and circuits of the brain are involved in GTS.
S Dalsgaard; D Damm; P H Thomsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European child & adolescent psychiatry     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1018-8827     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-16     Completed Date:  2002-04-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212296     Medline TA:  Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  256-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Psychiatric Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Denmark
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents / therapeutic use*
Deafness / complications,  congenital*
Neuropsychological Tests
Pimozide / therapeutic use*
Sign Language
Tics / physiopathology
Tourette Syndrome / complications*,  drug therapy,  physiopathology
Verbal Learning
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Dyskinesia Agents; 2062-78-4/Pimozide

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