Document Detail


Giardiasis and poor vitamin A status among aboriginal school children in rural Malaysia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20810815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A cross-sectional study was carried out on 241 primary schoolchildren in Pahang, Malaysia to update their vitamin A status and to investigate the association of poor vitamin A status with their health and socioeconomic factors. All children were screened for intestinal parasitic infections. Blood samples were collected and vitamin A status was assessed. Socioeconomic data were collected by using pre-tested questionnaires. The results showed that 66 (27.4%) children had low serum retinol levels (< 0.70 micromol/L). Giardiasis and severe ascariasis were significantly associated with low serum retinol levels (P = 0.004 and P = 0.018, respectively). Logistic regression confirmed the significant association of giardiasis with low serum retinol (odds ratio = 2.7, 95% confidence interval = 1.3-5.5). In conclusion, vitamin A deficiency is still a public health problem in rural Malaysia. Vitamin A supplementation and treatment of intestinal parasitic infections should be distributed periodically to these children to improve their health and nutritional status.
Authors:
Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi; Johari Surin; Atiya A Sallam; Ariffin W Abdullah; Mohammed A K Mahdy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1476-1645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-02     Completed Date:  2010-09-27     Revised Date:  2013-05-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  523-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. halmekhlafi@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Female
Giardiasis / epidemiology*
Humans
Malaysia / epidemiology
Male
Questionnaires
Rural Population*
Vitamin A / blood
Vitamin A Deficiency / epidemiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
11103-57-4/Vitamin A
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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