Document Detail

Giant cell and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia associated with fetal pneumonia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7855015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In a review of 96 consecutive perinatal autopsies (42 nonautolyzed stillborn and 54 liveborn infants 12 h or less of age) with histologic sections of placental tissues and an undistended lung, we were impressed by the frequent occurrence of lymphocytic infiltrates in the interstitium of the lung. To study this phenomenon further we analyzed the cases for 56 clinicopathologic variables. Lymphocytic interstitial infiltrates were present in 22 of the cases, 5 stillborn and 17 liveborn. The severity of the infiltrates was highly significantly correlated with the severity of chorioamnionitis, funisitis, and fetal pneumonia (P < .001). A positive association was found with livebirth and a negative association with hyaline membrane disease (both P < .05). No significant association was found with gestational age, body size, or other complications of pregnancy, labor, delivery, or the immediate perinatal period. Twenty-seven cases had fetal pneumonia without lymphocytic interstitial infiltrates. Two cases had interstitial lymphocytic infiltrates in the absence of fetal pneumonia, but both had chorioamnionitis. Two other cases had numerous giant cells, shown to be of macrophage origin by immunoperoxidase stains, in the airways in addition to severe fetal pneumonia and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. The observations show that lymphocytic interstitial infiltrates and giant cells may be a feature of fetal pneumonia.
A R Sgrignoli; D R Yen; G M Hutchins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric pathology / affiliated with the International Paediatric Pathology Association     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0277-0938     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Pathol     Publication Date:    1994 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-16     Completed Date:  1995-03-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303527     Medline TA:  Pediatr Pathol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  955-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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MeSH Terms
Fetal Diseases / pathology*
Gestational Age
Giant Cells / pathology*
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Infant, Newborn
Lung / pathology*
Lung Diseases, Interstitial / pathology*
Lymphocytes / pathology*
Pneumonia / pathology*
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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