Document Detail


Gestational weight gain, pregnancy outcome, and postpartum weight retention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7651655     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the risk of maternal overweight associated with an excessive rate of gestational gain needs to be balanced against the risks of impaired fetal growth associated with a low rate of gain. METHODS: Rate of gestational weight gain was measured prospectively in a sample of 274 young, low-income, and primarily minority women (12-29 years old) with pregravid body mass indices (BMI) in the normal range (19.8-26.0). We defined an excessive rate of gain between 20-36 weeks' gestation as one greater than 0.68 kg/week, and a low rate of gain as one less than 0.34 kg/week. Women were followed-up at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. RESULTS: Rate of measured gestational gain between 20-36 weeks' gestation was associated with total weight gain based on pregravid weight, with infant birth weight and gestation duration, and with maternal overweight (BMI greater than 26) and weight retention postpartum. Infant birth weight and gestation duration were significantly reduced for women with low rates of gain, and there was no significant difference between women with excessive and moderate gains. Despite little difference in pregravid BMI, women with excessive rates of gain retained more weight overall, attained a greater postpartum BMI, and had higher levels of subcutaneous fat and overweight. Maternal anthropometric status showed little change between 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. CONCLUSION: Weight gained at an excessive rate by women with a pregravid BMI in the normal range does not greatly enhance fetal growth and gestation duration, contributing instead to postpartum maternal overweight.
Authors:
T O Scholl; M L Hediger; J I Schall; I G Ances; W K Smith
Related Documents :
24919695 - Excess winter deaths in europe: a multi-country descriptive analysis.
23053615 - Reproductive parameters of female orangutans (pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) 1971-2011, a 40-y...
20228435 - Infantile hookworm disease.
23987515 - Second try: who returns for additional assisted reproductive technology treatment and t...
19110225 - Neonatal and maternal outcomes associated with elective term delivery.
16098865 - Genetic predispositions for thromboembolism as a possible etiology for gastroschisis.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1995 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-22     Completed Date:  1995-09-22     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  423-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-School of Osteopathic Medicine, Camden, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Birth Weight
Body Mass Index
Child
Embryonic and Fetal Development
Female
Humans
Obesity / etiology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome*
Prospective Studies
Puerperal Disorders / etiology*
Risk Factors
Weight Gain*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD18269/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Increased expression of messenger RNA for collagen type I, collagen type III, and fibronectin in myo...
Next Document:  An objective definition of shoulder dystocia: prolonged head-to-body delivery intervals and/or the u...