Document Detail

Germination and inactivation of Bacillus subtilis spores induced by moderate hydrostatic pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20589839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of spore inactivation by high pressure at moderate temperatures to optimize the sterilization efficiency of high-pressure treatments. Bacillus subtilis spores were first subjected to different pressure treatments ranging from 90 to 550 MPa at 40°C, with holding times from 10 min to 4 h. These treatments alone caused slight inactivation, which was related to the pressure-induced germination of the spores. After these pressures treatments, the sensitivity of these processed spores to heat (80°C/10 min) or to high pressure (350 MPa/40°C/10 min) was tested to determine the pressure-induced germination rate and the advancement of the spores in the germination process. The subsequent heat or pressure treatments were applied immediately after decompression from the first pressure treatment or after a holding time at atmospheric pressure. As already known, the spore germination is more efficient at low pressure level than at high pressure level. Our results show that this low germination efficiency at high pressure seemed not to be related either to a lower induction or a difference in the induction mechanisms but rather to an inhibition of enzyme activities which are involved in germination process. In fact, high pressure was necessary and very efficient in inducing spore germination. However, it seemed to slow the enzymatic digestion of the cortex, which is required for germinated spores to be inactivated by pressure. Although these results indicate that high-pressure treatments are more efficient when the two treatments are combined, a small spore population still remained dormant and was not inactivated with any holding time or pressure level.
Hue Nguyen Thi Minh; Philippe Dantigny; Jean-Marie Perrier-Cornet; Patrick Gervais
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology and bioengineering     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1097-0290     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Bioeng.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-25     Completed Date:  2011-01-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502021     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Bioeng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  876-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Microbiologiques et Alimentaires, AgroSup Dijon, Dijon, France.
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MeSH Terms
Bacillus subtilis / growth & development*,  physiology*
Hydrostatic Pressure*
Microbial Viability*
Spores, Bacterial / growth & development*,  physiology*
Sterilization / methods
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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