Document Detail

Germicidal activity of a chlorous acid-chlorine dioxide teat dip and a sodium chlorite teat dip during experimental challenge with Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9749396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three postmilking teat dips were tested for efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae in two separate studies using experimental challenge procedures that were recommended by the National Mastitis Council. The first study evaluated a barrier teat dip product containing chlorous acid-chlorine dioxide as the germicidal agent, and the second study evaluated a sodium chlorite product with a barrier component as well as a sodium chlorite product without a barrier component. The chlorous acid-chlorine dioxide teat dip reduced new intramammary infections (IMI) caused by Staph. aureus by 91.5% and reduced new IMI caused by Strep. agalactiae by 71.7%. The barrier dip containing sodium chlorite reduced new IMI caused by Staph. aureus and Strep. agalactiae by 41.0 and 0%, respectively. The nonbarrier dip containing sodium chlorite reduced new IMI caused by Staph. aureus by 65.6% and reduced new IMI caused by Strep. agalactiae by 39.1%. Teat skin and teat end conditions were evaluated before and after the second study; no deleterious effects among dipped quarters compared with control quarters were noted for the two sodium chlorite products.
R L Boddie; S C Nickerson; R W Adkinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0022-0302     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  1998 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-13     Completed Date:  1998-11-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2293-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Mastitis Research Laboratory, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Homer 71040, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Chlorides / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Chlorine Compounds / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Disinfectants / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Mammary Glands, Animal / microbiology*
Mastitis, Bovine / microbiology,  prevention & control*
Oxides / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Skin / drug effects,  microbiology
Staphylococcal Infections / prevention & control
Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects
Streptococcal Infections / prevention & control
Streptococcus agalactiae / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chlorides; 0/Chlorine Compounds; 0/Disinfectants; 0/Oxides; 0/Solutions; 10049-04-4/chlorine dioxide; 1318-59-8/chlorite; 13898-47-0/chlorous acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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