Document Detail


German database on occurrence of food additives: application for intake estimation of five food colours for toddlers and children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24229358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To get a more realistic estimation of food additive intake for toddlers and children a German database on occurrence of food additives was created. It uses consumption data of two recent national nutrition surveys for toddlers and children in combination with qualitative information of food additive occurrence in the consumed food. The information on food additive occurrence is based on food labelling. A categorisation system was developed according to regulation to classify the foods consumed and to identify possible food additive use in the food groups. Two natural (E120, E160b) and three artificial food colours (E110, E124, E129) were chosen for an assessment of food additive intake. The percentage of food items containing one of the chosen food colour was calculated for every food group and the food groups with most items containing the additive were identified. Intake estimations were done on the basis of maximum permitted use levels. Firstly additive use was assumed in all foods consumed (tier 2) and secondly food additive use was assumed only for those items where labelling confirmed the use and for all foods with no labelling available (tier 2b). Intake estimations were then compared to the ADI. Most food items with at least one of the food colours were found in the food groups confectionary, desserts, fermented milk products, flavoured drinks and breakfast cereals. The tier 2b approach provided more realistic estimations which were always below those of tier 2 approach and below the ADI for mean exposure. Exposure for high level consumers exceeded the ADI for two of the food additives in tier 2b. Keeping in mind that the database is only mirroring the current situation it provides a good possibility to refine the estimation of food additive intake for toddlers and children in Germany.
Authors:
Friederike Diouf; Katharina Berg; Sebastian Ptok; Oliver Lindtner; Gerhard Heinemeyer; Helmut Heseker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1944-0057     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485040     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Exposure Assessment and Exposure Standardisation Unit, Scientific Services Department , Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) , Berlin , Germany.
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