Document Detail


Geranylgeranylacetone protects against morphine-induced hepatic and renal damage in mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23229517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The acute or chronic administration of opioid drugs may induce oxidative damage and cellular apoptosis in the liver and kidney, and hence result in hepatic and renal damage. Thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) are emerging as important modulators of cellular functions. They have been shown to be involved in cellular protective mechanisms against a variety of toxic stressors. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), a pharmacological inducer of Trx-1 and Hsp70, on morphine-induced hepatic and renal damage. Morphine induced apoptosis in the liver and kidney through the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway, but not the endoplasmic reticulum-mediated pathway. The activation of caspases-9 and -3 was attenuated by pre‑treatment with GGA. In addition, the morphine-induced increase of malondialdehyde (MDA) levels was suppressed by GGA. Furthermore, GGA enhanced morphine-induced expression of Trx-1 and Hsp70 in the liver and kidney. The findings of this study suggest that GGA may be a safe and novel therapeutic agent for morphine‑induced hepatic and renal damage.
Authors:
Fu-Cheng Luo; Lu Zhao; Juan Deng; Min Liang; Xian-Si Zeng; Hua Liu; Jie Bai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular medicine reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1791-3004     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol Med Report     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101475259     Medline TA:  Mol Med Report     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Medical Faculty, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, P.R. China.
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