Document Detail


Georges Dreyer (1873-1934) and a forgotten episode of respiratory physiology at Oxford.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16845458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Georges Dreyer was the first Professor of Pathology at Oxford University and he held this post from 1907 to 1934. Although his main research interests were in bacteriology and immunity, he made important contributions to respiratory physiology, but these have been almost completely forgotten. He developed a new apparatus for administering low oxygen mixtures to test the effects of hypoxia in airmen during World War I, developed a high successful oxygen delivery system, was responsible for the first low-pressure chamber in a UK academic institution, and carried out some physiological measurements in the chamber that were years ahead of their time. His chamber was also used by a group from Cambridge and Turin, Italy for a series of important physiological studies. In spite of these contributions, almost nobody who works in respiratory physiology today, even in Oxford, recognizes the name of Dreyer.
Authors:
John B West; Eric Sidebottom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article; Portraits; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical biography     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0967-7720     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Biogr     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-17     Completed Date:  2006-10-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9308895     Medline TA:  J Med Biogr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  140-9     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. jwest@ucsd.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
England
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy / history*,  instrumentation
Pathology / history*
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HL 60698/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Georges Dreyer

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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