Document Detail


Geographic variation in rates of selected surgical procedures within Los Angeles County.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7721583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We explore the contribution of income and ethnicity to geographic variation in utilization of surgical procedures. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: We assessed the use of eight procedures from 1986 through 1988 among residents of Los Angeles County using data from the California Discharge Dataset, the 1980 census, and other secondary sources. Procedures chosen for evaluation were coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), coronary artery angioplasty, permanent pacemaker insertion, mastectomy, simple hysterectomy, transurethral prostate resection (TURP), carotid endarterectomy, and appendectomy. STUDY DESIGN: The amount of inter-zip code variation for each procedure was first measured using various estimates including the analysis of variance coefficient of variation (CVA). Population-weighted multivariate regression analysis was used to model variation in age- and gender-adjusted rates of procedure use among 236 residential zip codes. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Highest-variation procedures were coronary artery angioplasty (CVA = .392) and carotid endarterectomy (CVA = .374). The procedures with the lowest degree of variation were cardiac pacemaker implantation (CVA = .194) and hysterectomy (CVA = .195). Variation was significantly related to income (carotid endarterectomy) and either African American or Latino zip code ethnicity for all procedures except pacemaker implantation. For all procedures except appendectomy, the direction of the effect was toward fewer procedures with lower income. However, the effect of African American or Latino population ethnicity varied. CONCLUSIONS: In this large urban area both population ethnicity and socioeconomic status are significantly associated with the geographic utilization of selected surgical procedures.
Authors:
D M Carlisle; R B Valdez; M F Shapiro; R H Brook
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health services research     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0017-9124     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Serv Res     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-19     Completed Date:  1995-05-19     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0053006     Medline TA:  Health Serv Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, UCLA School of Medicine 90024-1736, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Ethnic Groups
Female
Geography
Humans
Income
Los Angeles
Male
Physician's Practice Patterns / statistics & numerical data*
Regression Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Small-Area Analysis
Socioeconomic Factors
Surgical Procedures, Operative / statistics & numerical data,  utilization*
Urban Health / statistics & numerical data*
Urban Population
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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