Document Detail


Genotoxicity testing of low molecular weight fucoidan from brown seaweeds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22107991     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fucoidan extracts from brown seaweed have anticoagulant, antithrombotic, and antiviral activities. Low molecular weight fucoidan (LMF) obtained by acid hydrolysis of high molecular weight fucoidan showed more favorable bioactivity. Despite extensive work on LMF bioactivities, detailed studies on the genotoxicity of LMF have not been conducted. As part of a safety evaluation, the potential genotoxicity of LMF was evaluated using a standard battery of tests (bacterial reverse mutation assay, chromosomal aberrations assay, and mouse micronucleus assay). The LMF was determined not to be genotoxic under the conditions of the reverse mutation assay, chromosomal aberrations assay, or mouse micronucleus assay. In a reverse mutation assay using four Salmonella typhimurium strains and Escherichia coli, LMF did not increase the number of revertant colonies in any tester strain regardless of metabolic activation by S9 mix, and did not cause chromosomal aberration in short tests with the S9 mix or in the continuous (24h) test. A bone marrow micronucleus test in ICR mice dosed by oral gavage at doses up to 2000mg/kg body weight/day showed no significant or dose-dependent increases in the frequency of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes. Use of LMF is presently expected to be safe, as anticipated intake is small compared to doses administered in the genotoxicity assays and may prove to be a useful bioactive agent after further toxicity research.
Authors:
Moon Yong Song; Sae Kwang Ku; Jin Soo Han
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Korea Conformity Laboratories, Seoul 153-803, Republic of Korea; Department of Laboratory Animal Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Republic of Korea.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Apoptosis and mutagenicity induction by a characterized aqueous extract of Baccharis articulata (Lam...
Next Document:  Botanical, nutritional and microbiological characterisation of honeybee-collected pollen from Portug...