Document Detail

Genotoxicity induced in CD-1 mice by inhaled lead: differential organ response.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11752234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Lead is perhaps the longest used and best recognized toxic environmental chemical and it is still being used recklessly. Lead (Pb) has been found to be capable of eliciting a positive response in an extraordinarily wide range of biological and biochemical tests; among them tests for enzyme inhibition, fidelity of DNA synthesis, mutation, chromosomal aberrations, cancer and birth defects. Since inhalation is one of the most important routes of environmental Pb exposure, in the present study a lead inhalation model in mice was implemented in order to detect the induction of genotoxic damage as single-strand breaks and alkali-labile sites in several mouse organs (nasal epithelial cells, lung, whole blood, liver, kidney, bone marrow, brain and testes), assessed by single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) or Comet assay. We found differences among the organs studied after a single and subsequent inhalations: in the organs analyzed we observed a positive induction of DNA damage after a single inhalation only in the liver and the lung. In subsequent inhalations the response was positive in all organs except the testicle, however, DNA damage induction over time was different for each organ. A correlation between length of exposure, DNA damage and metal tissue concentration was observed for lung, liver and kidney. Differences in DNA damage occurred in organs when lead acetate was administered acutely or sub-chronically. These results show that lead acetate inhalation induces systemic DNA damage but that some organs are special targets of this metal, such as lung and liver, depending in part on length of exposure, suggesting alternative organ processes to handle lead intoxication.
Mahara Valverde; Teresa I Fortoul; Fernando Díaz-Barriga; Jesús Mejía; Emilio Rojas del Castillo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mutagenesis     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0267-8357     ISO Abbreviation:  Mutagenesis     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-25     Completed Date:  2002-05-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707812     Medline TA:  Mutagenesis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  55-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Medicina Genómica y Toxicología Ambiental, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 México DF, Mexico.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Inhalation
Air Pollutants / analysis,  toxicity*
Blood Cells / chemistry,  drug effects
Bone Marrow Cells / chemistry,  drug effects
Brain Chemistry / drug effects
Comet Assay
DNA Damage*
Femur / chemistry,  drug effects
Kidney / chemistry,  drug effects
Lead Poisoning / genetics,  pathology
Leukocytes / chemistry,  drug effects
Liver / chemistry,  drug effects
Lung / chemistry,  drug effects
Mutagenicity Tests
Nasal Septum / chemistry,  drug effects
Organ Specificity*
Organometallic Compounds / administration & dosage,  analysis,  toxicity*
Spectrophotometry, Atomic
Testis / chemistry,  drug effects
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Organometallic Compounds; 301-04-2/lead acetate

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