Document Detail

Genomics and Genetics of Human and Primate Y Chromosomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22483277     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In mammals, the Y chromosome plays the pivotal role in male sex determination and is essential for normal sperm production. Yet only three Y chromosomes have been completely sequenced to date-those of human, chimpanzee, and rhesus macaque. While Y chromosomes are notoriously difficult to sequence owing to their highly repetitive genomic landscapes, these dedicated sequencing efforts have generated tremendous yields in medical, biological, and evolutionary insight. Knowledge of the complex structural organization of the human Y chromosome and a complete catalog of its gene content have provided a deeper understanding of the mechanisms that generate disease-causing mutations and large-scale rearrangements. Variation among human Y-chromosome sequences has been an invaluable tool for understanding relationships among human populations. Comprehensive comparisons of the human Y-chromosome sequence with those of other primates have illuminated aspects of Y-chromosome evolutionary dynamics over much longer timescales (>25 million years compared with 100,000 years). The future sequencing of additional Y chromosomes will provide a basis for a more comprehensive understanding of the evolution of Y chromosomes and their roles in reproductive biology. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics Volume 13 is August 31, 2012. Please see for revised estimates.
Jennifer F Hughes; Steve Rozen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of genomics and human genetics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1545-293X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100911346     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Whitehead Institute, and Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02142; email:
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