Document Detail

Genome-wide scan for bovine milk-fat composition. I. Quantitative trait loci for short- and medium-chain fatty acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19700730     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A genome-wide scan was performed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for short- and medium-chain fatty acids (expressed in wt/wt %). Milk samples were available from 1,905 cows from 398 commercial herds in the Netherlands, and milk-fat composition was measured by gas chromatography. DNA was available from 7 of the paternal half-sib families: 849 cows and their 7 sires. A genetic map was constructed comprising 1,341 SNP and 2,829 cM, with an average information content of 0.83. Multimarker interval mapping was used in an across-family regression on corrected phenotypes for the 7 half-sib families. Four QTL were found: on Bos taurus autosome (BTA) 6, a QTL was identified for C6:0 and C8:0; on BTA14, a QTL was identified for fat percentage, all odd-chain fatty acids, and C14:0, C16:0, C16:1, and their unsaturation indices; on BTA19, a QTL affected C14:0; and on BTA26, a QTL was identified for the monounsaturated fatty acids and their unsaturation indices. The QTL explained 3 to 19% of phenotypic variance. Furthermore, 49 traits with suggestive evidence for linkage were found on 21 chromosomes. Additional analyses revealed that the QTL on BTA14 was most likely caused by a mutation in DGAT1, whereas the QTL on BTA26 was most likely caused by a mutation in the SCD1 gene. Quantitative trait loci that affect specific fatty acids might increase the understanding of physiological processes regarding fat synthesis and the position of the causal genes.
W M Stoop; A Schennink; M H P W Visker; E Mullaart; J A M van Arendonk; H Bovenhuis
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  92     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-24     Completed Date:  2009-11-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4664-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Cattle / genetics*
Fats / chemistry*
Fatty Acids / genetics*
Genome-Wide Association Study*
Milk / chemistry*
Quantitative Trait Loci / genetics*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fats; 0/Fatty Acids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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