Document Detail

Genetics of familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23276979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related progressive neurodegenerative disorder. A majority of cases manifest as a late onset sporadic form but genetically the disease is divided into familial cases and sporadic cases. The familial form is due to mutations in three major genes (amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene, presenilin1 (PSEN1) gene and presenilin 2 (PSEN2) gene). In contrast, many genetic and environmental factors may contribute to determining the sporadic AD form. Despite many years of research and great progress in the knowledge of the molecular pathogenesis of AD, a full understanding of the etiology of the sporadic form is still not yet in reach. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) revealed the genetic complexity of the disease and recent studies suggested that epigenetic mechanisms may play an essential role in disease development. This review provides an overview of all the milestones in AD genetic research, as well as the new and promising approach, in order to better understand the genetic profile for predicting the risk of AD.
Irene Piaceri; Benedetta Nacmias; Sandro Sorbi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1945-0508     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Biosci (Elite Ed)     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485240     Medline TA:  Front Biosci (Elite Ed)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  167-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurological and Psychiatric sciences, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy.
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