Document Detail


Genetics of P450 oxidoreductase: sequence variation in 842 individuals of four ethnicities and activities of 15 missense mutations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18230729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
P450 oxidoreductase (POR) is an electron-donating flavoprotein required for the activity of all microsomal cytochrome P450 enzymes. We sequenced 5,655 bp of the POR gene in a representative population of 842 healthy unrelated individuals in four ethnic groups: 218 African Americans, 260 Caucasian Americans, 179 Chinese Americans, and 185 Mexican Americans. One hundred forty SNPs were detected, of which 43 were found in >/=1% of alleles. Twelve SNPs were in the POR promoter region. Fifteen of 32 exonic variations altered the POR amino acid sequence; 13 of these 15 are previously undescribed missense variations. We found eight indels, only one of which was in the coding region. A previously described variant, A503V, was found on 27.9% of all alleles with some ethnic predilection (19.1% in African Americans, 26.4% in Caucasian Americans, 36.7% Chinese Americans, and 31.0% in Mexican Americans). We built cDNA expression vectors for the 13 previously undescribed missense variants, expressed each protein lacking 27 N-terminal residues in Escherichia coli, and assayed the apparent K(m) and V(max) of each in four assays: reduction of cytochrome c, oxidation of NADPH, 17alpha-hydroxylase activity of P450c17, and 17,20 lyase activity of P450c17. The catalytic activities of several missense mutants differed substantially in these assays, indicating that each POR mutant must be assayed separately with each potential target P450 enzyme. The activity of A503V was reduced to a modest but statistically significant degree in all four assays, suggesting that it may play an important role in interindividual variation in drug response.
Authors:
Ningwu Huang; Vishal Agrawal; Kathleen M Giacomini; Walter L Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2008-01-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-06     Completed Date:  2008-03-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1733-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departments of Pediatrics and Biopharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acid Sequence
Cytochromes c / chemistry
Ethnic Groups / genetics
Female
Genetic Variation*
Humans
Kinetics
Male
Molecular Sequence Data
Mutation, Missense
NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase / chemistry*,  genetics*
Oxidation-Reduction
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Population / genetics*
Protein Conformation
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 GM073020/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; R01 GM073020-07/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; R01 GM073020-08/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9007-43-6/Cytochromes c; EC 1.6.2.4/NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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