Document Detail


Genetically engineered truncated myosin in Dictyostelium: the carboxyl-terminal regulatory domain is not required for the developmental cycle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2236024     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study of engineered Dictyostelium mutants with altered or missing myosin has revealed the molecule to be essential both for cytokinesis and for completion of the complex Dictyostelium developmental cycle. To explore the biological role of the carboxyl-terminal portion of the myosin tail, we have created a Dictyostelium cell line bearing a mutation designated my delta C34 in the myosin (mhcA) locus. This cell line produces a truncated myosin protein lacking the 34-kDa carboxyl terminus of the wild-type tail. Southern blots of the mutant cells show that the myosin gene was disrupted by homologous recombination of the transforming plasmid into the myosin locus. Based on in vitro studies of myosin functional domains, the 200-kDa truncated myosin was designed to include a domain important for assembly but to eliminate a domain important for threonine phosphorylation. The mutant cells are defective in cytokinesis, similar to those mutants that are either devoid of myosin (null cells) or contain a truncated 140-kDa myosin (hmm cells). However, unlike previous mutants, the cells carrying the my delta C34 mutation are able to complete the Dictyostelium developmental cycle to form fruiting bodies. Thus a truncated 200-kDa myosin can substitute for native myosin to function in developing cells. These results demonstrate that the 34-kDa carboxyl terminus of myosin, which contributes regulated phosphorylation sites and 20% of the total length of the rod, is not required for the developmental cycle of Dictyostelium.
Authors:
T J O'Halloran; J A Spudich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-04     Completed Date:  1990-12-04     Revised Date:  2010-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8110-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cell Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blotting, Southern
Cell Cycle
DNA, Fungal / genetics,  isolation & purification
Dictyostelium / cytology,  genetics,  growth & development*
Genetic Engineering
Mutation
Myosins / genetics,  physiology*
Phenotype
Plasmids
Restriction Mapping
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
GM 11607/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; GM-30387/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Fungal; EC 3.6.4.1/Myosins
Comments/Corrections

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