Document Detail

Genetic variation of farrowing kinetics traits and their relationships with litter size and perinatal mortality in French Large White sows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16612006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Genetic parameters of litter traits and their relationships with farrowing kinetics traits were estimated in a Large White population to examine the impact of selection for litter size on perinatal mortality and one of its main determinants, farrowing kinetics. Data were collected on 2,947 farrowings from 1,267 sows between 1996 and 2004. Litter traits included the number born in total (NBT), number born alive (NBA), and the number (NSB) and proportion (PSB) of stillborn piglets. Four farrowing kinetics traits were considered: farrowing duration (FD), birth interval (BI = FD/NBT), heterogeneity of birth intervals (SDNB = SD of the number of piglets born each one-half hour), and birth assistance (BA) during the farrowing process. Genetic parameters were estimated using restricted maximum likelihood methodology. All traits were analyzed using a mixed linear animal model including year x month and parity as fixed effects; the additive genetic value of each animal and the sow permanent environment were treated as random effects. To normalize their distribution, kinetics traits were Box-Cox-transformed. Low heritability estimates were obtained for litter size and mortality traits, which was in agreement with literature results (i.e., 0.10 +/- 0.02, 0.08 +/- 0.02, 0.19 +/- 0.02, and 0.14 +/- 0.02 for NBT, NBA, NSB, and PSB, respectively). Heritability values were also low for kinetics traits: 0.10 +/- 0.02, 0.08 +/- 0.02, 0.01 +/- 0.01, and 0.05 +/- 0.03 for FD, BI, SDNB, and BA, respectively. The genetic correlation between NBT and NBA was strongly positive (ra = 0.90). On both phenotypic and genetic scales, NBT was positively associated with stillbirth (ra = 0.45 +/- 0.11, rp = 0.38 for NSB; ra = 0.46 +/- 0.13, rp = 0.17 for PSB). Conversely, NBA had low correlations with SB and PSB. Number born in total was moderately correlated to FD (ra = 0.34 +/- 0.15) and BI (ra = -0.37 +/- 0.15). A stronger relationship was found between NBA and BI (ra = -0.49 +/- 0.13), whereas the relationship with FD was lower (ra = 0.16 +/- 0.17). Moreover, FD was strongly correlated with stillbirth (ra = 0.42 +/- 0.12 with NSB), whereas BI was nearly independent of stillbirth. Contrary to selection on NBT, selection on NBA appears to be a good way to limit the negative side effects on stillbirth. Moreover, selection on NBA would lead to a small increase in FD and a faster and more regular birth process than would be obtained by selecting on NBT.
L Canario; N Roy; J Gruand; J P Bidanel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1525-3163     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-13     Completed Date:  2006-10-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1053-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Station de Genetique Quantitative et Appliquée, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France.
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MeSH Terms
Genetic Variation*
Litter Size / genetics*
Parturition / genetics,  physiology
Stillbirth / genetics,  veterinary*
Swine / classification,  genetics*

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