Document Detail

Genetic replacement of tesB with PTE1 affects chain-length proportions of 3-hydroxyalkanoic acids produced through β-oxidation of oleic acid in Escherichia coli.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20547355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Acyl-CoA thioesterase II (TesB), which catalyzes hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to free fatty acids and CoA, is involved in 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid production in Escherichia coli. Effects of genetic replacement of tesB with Saccharomyces cerevisiae acyl-CoA thioesterase gene PTE1 on 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid production from oleic acid through β-oxidation were examined. Kinetic analyses using β-oxidation intermediates showed that hydrolyses of C4-acyl substrates are more efficient by PTE1 than by TesB. Deletion of tesB in E. coli decreased 3-hydroxybutyric acid, 3-hydroxyhexanoic acid, 3-hydroxyoctanoic acid, and hexanoic acid in medium after cultivation with oleic acid as a sole carbon source. Hexanoic acid concentration was much lower than those of 3-hydroxyacids. In genetic complementation of tesB deletion, use of PTE1, instead of tesB, affected proportions of the 3-hydroxyalkanoic acids. Proportion of 3-hydroxybutyric acid was higher in a PTE1-complemented strain than in a tesB-complemented strain, while proportions of 3-hydroxyhexanoic acid and 3-hydroxyoctanoic acid markedly increased in the tesB-complemented strain. Proportion of 3-hydroxyoctanoic acid did not significantly increase in the PTE1-complemented strain. These data indicate possibilities of 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid production from oleic acid through β-oxidation and customization of their chain-length proportions by genetic replacement of tesB with a gene encoding acyl-CoA thioesterase with a different kinetic property.
Yoshiaki Seto; Junkyu Kang; Li Ming; Naoto Habu; Ken-ichi Nihei; Shunsaku Ueda; Isamu Maeda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bioscience and bioengineering     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1347-4421     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biosci. Bioeng.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-20     Completed Date:  2011-02-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888800     Medline TA:  J Biosci Bioeng     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  392-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Bioproductive Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Utsunomiya University, 350 Minemachi, Utsunomiya 321-8505, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Alkanes / metabolism*
Escherichia coli / genetics,  metabolism*
Genetic Complementation Test
Oleic Acid / metabolism*
Thiolester Hydrolases / genetics,  metabolism*
Water / chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alkanes; 112-80-1/Oleic Acid; 7732-18-5/Water; EC 3.1.2.-/Thiolester Hydrolases

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