Document Detail

Genetic manipulation in Sulfolobus islandicus and functional analysis of DNA repair genes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23356319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Recently, a novel gene-deletion method was developed for the crenarchaeal model Sulfolobus islandicus, which is a suitable tool for addressing gene essentiality in depth. Using this technique, we have investigated functions of putative DNA repair genes by constructing deletion mutants and studying their phenotype. We found that this archaeon may not encode a eukarya-type of NER (nucleotide excision repair) pathway because depleting each of the eukaryal NER homologues XPD, XPB and XPF did not impair the DNA repair capacity in their mutants. However, among seven homologous recombination proteins, including RadA, Hel308/Hjm, Rad50, Mre11, HerA, NurA and Hjc, only the Hjc nuclease is dispensable for cell viability. Sulfolobus encodes redundant BER (base excision repair) enzymes such as two uracil DNA glycosylases and two putative apurinic/apyrimidinic lyases, but inactivation of one of the redundant enzymes already impaired cell growth, highlighting their important roles in archaeal DNA repair. Systematically characterizing these mutants and generating mutants lacking two or more DNA repair genes will yield further insights into the genetic mechanisms of DNA repair in this model organism.
Changyi Zhang; Bin Tian; Suming Li; Xiang Ao; Kevin Dalgaard; Serkan Gökce; Yunxiang Liang; Qunxin She
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemical Society transactions     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1470-8752     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. Soc. Trans.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506897     Medline TA:  Biochem Soc Trans     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  405-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
*State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
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