Document Detail

Genetic loading on human loving styles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18063936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: It has been hypothesized that cerebral neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin could play a role in human romantic bonding. However, no data on the genetic basis of human romantic love are currently available. To address this issue, we looked for associations between markers in neurotransmitter genes (the serotonin transporter gene, 5-HTT; the serotonin receptor 2A, 5HT2A; the dopamine D2 receptor gene, DRD2; and the dopamine D4 receptor gene, DRD4) and the six styles of love as conceptualized by Lee (Eros, Ludus, Storge, Pragma, Mania and Agape). DESIGN: A total of 350 healthy young adults (165 males and 185 females, mean age: 24.1+/-3.9 years, range 18-32 years) filled the 24-item Love Attitudes Scale (LAS) and were genotyped for the following six polymorphic markers: the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), the 5HT2A T102C and C516T polymorphisms, the DRD2 TaqI A and TaqI B variants, and the DRD4 exon 3 VNTR polymorphism. RESULTS: Statistical analysis revealed a significant association between the DRD2 TaqI A genotypes and "Eros" (a loving style characterized by a tendency to develop intense emotional experiences based on the physical attraction to the partner), as well as between the C516T 5HT2A polymorphism and "Mania" (a possessive and dependent romantic attachment, characterized by self-defeating emotions). These associations were present in both sexes and remained significant even after adjustment for potential confounders. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide the first evidence of a possible genetic loading on human loving styles.
Enzo Emanuele; Natascia Brondino; Sara Pesenti; Simona Re; Diego Geroldi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuro endocrinology letters     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0172-780X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuro Endocrinol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-27     Completed Date:  2008-02-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008373     Medline TA:  Neuro Endocrinol Lett     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  815-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Interdepartmental Center for Research in Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Genetic Load*
Personality / genetics*
Polymorphism, Genetic
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A / genetics*
Receptors, Dopamine D2 / genetics*
Receptors, Dopamine D4 / genetics
Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics*
Sex Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A; 0/Receptors, Dopamine D2; 0/Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins; 137750-34-6/Receptors, Dopamine D4

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