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Genetic and environmental influence on diabetic rat embryopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21119026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We assessed genetic and environmental influence on fetal outcome in diabetic rat pregnancy. Crossing normal (N) and manifestly diabetic (MD) Wistar Furth (W) and Sprague-Dawley (L) females with W or L males yielded four different fetal genotypes (WW, LL, WL, and LW) in N or MD rat pregnancies for studies. We also evaluated fetal outcome in litters with enhanced or diminished severity of maternal MD state, denoted MD(+)WL and MD(-)LW. The MDWW litters had less malformations and resorptions (0 and 19%) than the MDLL litters (17 and 30%). The MDWL litters (0 and 8%) were less maldeveloped than the MDLW litters (9 and 22%), whereas the MD(+)WL (3 and 23%) and MD(-)LW (1 and 17%) litters showed increased and decreased dysmorphogenesis (compared with MDWL and MDLW litters). The pregnant MDW rats had lower serum levels of glucose, fructosamine, and branched-chain amino acids than the pregnant MDL rats, whereas the pregnant MD(+)W and MD(-)L rats had levels comparable with those of the MDL and MDW rats, respectively. The 8-iso-PGF2α levels of the malformed MDLW offspring were increased compared with the nonmalformed MDLW offspring. Diabetes decreased fetal heart Ret and increased Bmp-4 gene expression in the MDLW offspring and caused decreased GDNF and Shh expression in the malformed fetal mandible of the MDLW offspring. We conclude that the fetal genome controls the embryonic dysmorphogenesis in diabetic pregnancy by instigating a threshold level for the teratological insult and that the maternal genome controls the teratogenic insult by (dys)regulating the maternal metabolism.
Authors:
A Ejdesjö; P Wentzel; U J Eriksson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  300     ISSN:  1522-1555     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E454-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dept. of Medical Cell Biology, Biomedical Centre, P. O. Box 571, SE-75123 Uppsala, Sweden. parri.wentzel@mcb.uu.se.
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