Document Detail

Genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax Duffy Binding Protein II (PvDBPII) under unstable transmission and low intensity malaria in Sri Lanka.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21554998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Elucidating the genetic diversity of the Duffy Binding Protein II (PvDBPII), a leading vaccine candidate for vivax malaria, in different geographical settings is vital. In Sri Lanka malaria transmission is unstable with low intensity. A relatively high level of allelic diversity, with 27 polymorphic nucleotides and 33 amino acid haplotypes was detected among the PvdbpII gene in 100 local Plasmodium vivax isolates collected from two hypoendemic areas, and from a non endemic area of the country. Mutations, recombination and balancing selection seem to maintain the observed local allelic diversity of PvdbpII. Lack of gene flow was evidenced by high Fst values between the two endemic study sites. Some of the aa polymorphisms may alter the binding and expression capacity of predicted T cell epitopes in PvDBPII. Of the 8 binding inhibitory linear B cell epitopes, 2 (H2 and M1) in the vicinity of the exact binding region of PvDBPII appeared to be highly conserved in Sri Lankan, Iran and Colombian isolates, while H3, M2, M3 and L3 neutralizing epitopes seem to be polymorphic globally, with H1 and L2 conserved in Colombian, South Korean and Iran isolates. In comparison to the reference Sal-1 strain, among 402 world-wide isolates (302 global and 100 local), 121 amino acid (aa) polymorphisms and 138 haplotypes were recorded of which 3 aa polymorphisms and 21 haplotypes seem to be unique to Sri Lanka. PvdbpII phylogeny suggests that local P. vivax parasites represent a sample of the global population. The ubiquitous presence of some PvDBPII aa haplotypes among both local and global P. vivax isolates may aid future vaccination strategies based on PvDBPII.
Prasad H Premaratne; B Ramesh Aravinda; Ananias A Escalante; Preethi V Udagama-Randeniya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1567-7257     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101084138     Medline TA:  Infect Genet Evol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Colombo, Colombo 03, Sri Lanka.
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