Document Detail

Genetic correlations between live yearling bull and steer carcass traits adjusted to different slaughter end points. 1. Carcass lean percentage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16478946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We studied genetic relationships between age-constant live yearling beef bull growth and ultrasound traits and steer carcass traits with dissected steer carcass lean percentage adjusted to slaughter age-, HCW-, fat depth-, and marbling score-constant end points. Three measures of steer carcass lean percentage were used. Blue Tag lean percentage (BTLean) was predicted from HCW, fat depth, and LM area measurements. Ruler lean percentage (RulerLean) was predicted from carcass fat depth and LM depth and width measurements. Dissected lean percentage (DissLean) was based on dissection of the 10-11-12th rib section. Both BTLean (h2 = 0.30 to 0.44) and DissLean (h2 = 0.34 to 0.39) were more heritable than RulerLean (h2 = 0.05 to 0.14) at all end points. Genetic correlations among DissLean and RulerLean (rg = 0.61 to 0.70), DissLean and BTLean (rg = 0.56 to 0.72), and BTLean and RulerLean (rg = 0.59 to 0.90) indicated that these traits were not genetically identical. Adjusting Diss-Lean to different end points changed the magnitude, but generally not the direction, of genetic correlations with indicator traits. Ultrasound scan-age-constant live yearling bull lean percentage estimates were heritable (h2 = 0.26 to 0.42) and genetically correlated with each other (rg = 0.68 to 0.99) but had greater correlations with DissLean at slaughter age (rg = 0.24 to 0.48) and HCW (rg = 0.16 to 0.40) end points than at fat depth (rg = -0.08 to 0.13) and marbling score (rg = 0.02 to 0.11) end points. Scan-age-constant yearling bull ultrasound fat depth also had stronger correlations with DissLean at slaughter age (rg = -0.34) and HCW (rg = -0.25) than at fat depth (rg = -0.02) and marbling score (rg = -0.03) end points. Yearling bull scan-age-constant ultrasound LM area was positively correlated with DissLean at all endpoints (rg = 0.11 to 0.23). Genetic correlations between yearling bull LM method 1 width (rg = 0.38 to 0.56) and method 2 depth (rg = -0.17 to -0.38) measurements with DissLean suggested that LM shape may be a valuable addition to genetic improvement programs for carcass lean percentage at slaughter age, HCW, and fat depth constant end points. At all end points, steer carcass fat depth (rg = -0.60 to -0.64) and LM area (rg = 0.48 to 0.59) had stronger associations with DissLean than did corresponding live yearling bull measurements. Improved methods that combine live ultrasound and carcass traits would be beneficial for evaluating carcass lean percentage at fat depth or marbling score end points.
R Bergen; S P Miller; J W Wilton; D H Crews; I B Mandell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1525-3163     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-15     Completed Date:  2007-11-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  546-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / physiology,  ultrasonography
Body Composition / genetics*
Cattle / anatomy & histology,  genetics*,  physiology
Hybrid Vigor / genetics
Meat / standards*
Models, Genetic*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology,  ultrasonography
Statistics as Topic
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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