Document Detail


Genetic analysis of fertility-related diseases and disorders in Norwegian Red cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20494184     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Heritability of and genetic correlations among silent heat (SH), cystic ovaries (CO), metritis (MET), and retained placenta (RP) were inferred. These traits were chosen because they are the 4 most frequent fertility-related diseases and disorders among first-lactation cows in Norway. Records of 503,683 first-lactation daughters of 1,058 Norwegian Red sires with first calving from 2000 through 2006 were analyzed with a 4-variate threshold sire model. Presence or absence of each of the 4 diseases was scored as 1 or 0 based on whether or not the cow had at least 1 veterinary treatment for the disease. The mean frequency was 3.1% for SH, 0.9% for MET, 0.5% for CO, and 1.5% for RP. The model for liability had effects of age at calving and of month-year of calving, herd, sire of the cow, and a residual. Posterior mean (SD) of heritability of liability was 0.06 (0.01) for SH, 0.03 (0.01) for MET, 0.07 (0.01) for CO, and 0.06 (0.01) for RP. The genetic correlation between MET and RP was strong, with posterior mean (SD) 0.64 (0.10). A negative genetic correlation (-0.26) was found between RP and CO. The posterior distributions of the other genetic correlations included zero with high density, and could not be considered different from zero. The frequency of fertility-related diseases and disorders is very low in the Norwegian Red population at present, so there is limited scope for genetic improvement. However, this study indicates that reasonably precise genetic evaluation of sires is feasible for these traits given information from large daughter groups.
Authors:
B Heringstad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  93     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-24     Completed Date:  2010-09-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2751-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 5003, N-1432 As, Norway. bjorg.heringstad@umb.no
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle / genetics
Cattle Diseases / genetics*
Endometritis / genetics,  veterinary
Female
Fertility / genetics
Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics
Genotype
Infertility / genetics,  veterinary*
Lactation / genetics
Male
Models, Genetic
Ovarian Cysts / genetics,  veterinary
Phenotype
Placenta, Retained / genetics,  veterinary
Pregnancy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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