Document Detail


Genetic Variants in Serotonin and Corticosteroid Systems Modulate Neuroendocrine and Cardiovascular Responses to Intense Stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24821403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Common variants in serotonin and corticosteroid receptor genes influence human stress in laboratory settings. Little is known of their combined effects, especially in high stress environments. This study evaluated distinct and combined effects of polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter (5HTTLPRL/S), glucocorticoid receptor (Bcl1C/G), and mineralocorticoid (-2C/G) receptor genes on adrenocortical and cardiovascular responses to intense, realistic stress. One hundred forty four healthy, active-duty military men were studied before, during, and 24hours after a stressful 12-day survival course. Dependent variables were cortisol, heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). 5HTTLPR SS carriers revealed higher overall cortisol concentrations than L carriers (p=.022). 5HTTLPR L carriers demonstrated higher stress-induced HR than non-carriers (SS) yet rebounded to a lower recovery value (p=.026), while Bcl1 G carriers showed higher mean stress-induced HR than non-carriers (CC) (p=.047). For DBP, 5HTTLPR S carriers showed higher overall values than non-carriers (LL) (p=.043), Bcl1 GG were higher than C carriers (p=.039), and -2C/G G carriers exceeded non-carriers (CC) (p=.028). A "high" composite genotype group revealed substantially higher overall cortisol concentrations than a "low" composite genotype group (p<.001), as was the case for DBP (p=.037). This study revealed a synergistic effect of common polymorphisms on the acute stress response in healthy men. Pending additional study, these findings may have implications for drug discovery, gene therapy, and stress inoculation strategies.
Authors:
Marcus K Taylor; Gerald E Larson; Melissa D Hiller Lauby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural brain research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7549     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Brain Res.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004872     Medline TA:  Behav Brain Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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