Document Detail


Genetic polymorphisms of the transcription factor NFATc4 and development of new-onset diabetes after transplantation in Hispanic kidney transplant recipients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22234350     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Transcription factors of the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) family regulate both immune activation and insulin production. Calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) target NFAT activation. Hence, CNIs not only prevent organ transplant rejection but also contribute to the development of new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT). Given individual variation in the susceptibility to NODAT, we hypothesized that polymorphisms in the cytoplasmic NFAT (NFATc)4 gene, which is expressed in pancreatic islets, may be associated with NODAT. Haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the NFATc4 gene were genotyped in Hispanic renal transplant patients. Cumulative incidences of NODAT were compared between recipients of different NFATc4 genotypes and haplotypes. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine risks for NODAT. Nongenetic and genetic characteristics were included in the multivariate risk model. The SNP (rs10141896) T allele was associated with a lower cumulative incidence of NODAT (P=0.02). This is a tagging SNP for one of the five dominant NFATc4 haplotypes, T-T-T-T-G, and CNI-treated recipients with this haplotype had a reduced adjusted risk for NODAT (hazard ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.19-1.01). Conversely, patients homozygous for the C-C-C-G-G haplotype were at an increased risk (hazard ratio: 2.13; 95% confidence interval: 1.01-4.46) for NODAT in subanalysis. Of the nongenetic factors, use of tacrolimus, sirolimus, and older age were associated with increased risk for NODAT. Polymorphisms in the NFATc4 gene may confer certain protection or predisposition for NODAT.
Authors:
Yan Chen; Marcelo S Sampaio; Jae Wook Yang; David Min; Ian V Hutchinson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation     Volume:  93     ISSN:  1534-6080     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplantation     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-26     Completed Date:  2012-03-09     Revised Date:  2012-04-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0132144     Medline TA:  Transplantation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  325-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Mendez National Institute of Transplantation, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Diabetes Mellitus / etiology*,  genetics
Female
Haplotypes
Hispanic Americans / genetics*
Humans
Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects*
Male
Middle Aged
NFATC Transcription Factors / genetics*
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
Risk Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/NFATC Transcription Factors; 0/NFATC4 protein, human

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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