Document Detail


Generalization of deferred imitation in 6-, 9-, and 12-month-old infants using visual and auditory contexts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23261786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the generalization of deferred imitation in 6-, 9-, and 12-month-old infants across auditory and visual contexts. The task involved testing for the imitation of demonstrated actions on an animal puppet 24h later. There were two independent variables defined by the background music and room of the infant's home on the test day relative to the music and room present on the demonstration day. 6-month-olds generalized imitation only when the music and room on the test day were identical to their learning environment 24h earlier. 9-month-olds were able to generalize deferred imitation across a change in music but not a change in room. 12-month-olds were able to defer imitation across both a change in the room with the same music as well as a change in both the room and music. These results reveal that the similarity between the contextual conditions of encoding and retrieval across multiple contexts determine whether infants generalize and, furthermore, the necessity of such a similarity decreases with age.
Authors:
Shivani Patel; Susan Gaylord; Jeffrey Fagen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  25-31     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, St. John's University, Queens, NY 11439, United States.
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