Document Detail

'Generalizability' of a radial-aortic transfer function for the derivation of central aortic waveform parameters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17762645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Arterial transfer functions (TFs) describe the relationship between the pressure waveform at different arterial sites. Generalized TFs are used to reconstruct central aortic waveforms from non-invasively obtained peripheral waveforms and have been promoted as potentially clinically useful. A limitation is the paucity of information on their 'generalizability' with no information existing on the number of subjects required to construct a satisfactory TF, nor is adequate prospective validation available. We therefore investigated the uniformity of radial-aortic TFs and prospectively estimated the capacity of a generalized TF to reconstruct individual central blood pressure parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-three subjects (64 male) were studied by simultaneous radial applanation and high-fidelity (Millar Mikro-tip catheter) direct measurement of central aortic BP during elective coronary procedures. Subjects were prospectively randomized to either a derivation or validation group. RESULTS: Increasing numbers of individual TFs from the derivation group were averaged to form a generalized TF. There was minimal change with greater than 20 TFs averaged. In the validation group, the error in most reconstructed parameters related to the absolute value of the directly measured parameter [systolic blood pressure (SBP) and pulse pressure, P<0.05; systolic pressure-time interval, subendocardial viability index, augmentation index, and times to the inflection point, peak and end systole, all P<0.01]. Aorto-radial delay was related to error in reconstructed central aortic SBP and pulse pressure (negatively) and time to peak systole (positively) (all P<0.001). Reconstruction of augmentation index was poor. DISCUSSION: Inclusion of more than 20 individual TFs in the construction of a generalized TF does not improve 'generalizability'. There appear to be systematic errors in derived central pressure waveforms and derived aortic augmentation index is inaccurate compared to the directly measured value.
Sarah A Hope; Ian T Meredith; David Tay; James D Cameron
Related Documents :
17075205 - Does brachial pulse pressure predict coronary events?
7303065 - Carotid occlusive disease: effect of complete occlusion of internal carotid artery on i...
8396105 - Noninvasive cardiac output measurement by arterial pulse analysis compared with inert g...
15362275 - Monitoring of arterial stiffness indices by applanation tonometry and pulse wave analys...
8023965 - Vasoconstriction of outer medullary vasa recta by angiotensin ii is modulated by prosta...
8472975 - Mechanisms underlying the antireflux action of fundoplication.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-31     Completed Date:  2007-10-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1812-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Monash Cardiovascular Research Centre, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, and Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aorta / physiology*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Comment In:
J Hypertens. 2007 Sep;25(9):1783-7   [PMID:  17762638 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in urban communities in Chile...
Next Document:  A coding polymorphism of the kallikrein 1 gene is associated with essential hypertension: a tagging ...