Document Detail


General trend for pressurized superconducting hydrogen-dense materials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20133755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The long-standing prediction that hydrogen can assume a metallic state under high pressure, combined with arguments put forward more recently that this state might even be superconducting up to high temperatures, continues to spur tremendous research activities toward the experimental realization of metallic hydrogen. These efforts have however so far been impeded by the enormous challenges associated with the exceedingly large required pressure. Hydrogen-dense materials, of the MH(4) form (where M can be, e.g., Si, Ge, or Sn) or of the MH(3) form (with M being, e.g., Al, Sc, Y, or La), allow for the rather exciting opportunity to carry out a proxy study of metallic hydrogen and associated high-temperature superconductivity at pressures within the reach of current techniques. At least one experimental report indicates that a superconducting state might have been observed already in SiH(4), and several theoretical studies have predicted superconductivity in pressurized hydrogen-rich materials; however, no systematic dependence on the applied pressure has yet been identified so far. In the present work, we have used first-principles methods in an attempt to predict the superconducting critical temperature (T(c)) as a function of pressure (P) for three metal-hydride systems of the MH(3) form, namely ScH(3), YH(3), and LaH(3). By comparing the obtained results, we are able to point out a general trend in the T(c)-dependence on P. These gained insights presented here are likely to stimulate further theoretical studies of metallic phases of hydrogen-dense materials and should lead to new experimental investigations of their superconducting properties.
Authors:
Duck Young Kim; Ralph H Scheicher; Ho-kwang Mao; Tae W Kang; Rajeev Ahuja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2010-01-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-17     Completed Date:  2010-05-10     Revised Date:  2010-09-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2793-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Uppsala University, Box 530 SE-751 21, Uppsala, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Electric Conductivity*
Hydrogen / chemistry*
Metals / chemistry*
Pressure
Temperature
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Metals; 1333-74-0/Hydrogen
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