Document Detail

General Ultrasound Screening Reduces the Rate of First Operative Procedures for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip: A Case-Control Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21962602     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of general ultrasound screening to prevent first operative procedures of the hip. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a case-control study in a population in which general ultrasound screening supplementing clinical screening is recommended and offered free of charge for all children. Participation in ultrasound screening before week 7 as recommended in Germany was the exposure of interest. Case ascertainment was based on active surveillance in orthopedic hospitals. The case definition was: first operative procedure for developmental dysplasia of the hip (closed reduction, open reduction, or osteotomy) in children >9 weeks old and <5 years old and born between 1996 and 2001. Control subjects from the same birth cohorts were recruited in telephone surveys. RESULTS: Cases of first operative procedures for developmental dysplasia of the hip (n = 446) were compared with 1173 control subjects for ultrasound screening. Effectiveness of ultrasound screening to prevent first operative procedures for developmental dysplasia of the hip was estimated as 52% (95% CI, 32-67). Effectiveness did not vary substantially for closed and open reductions and osteotomy. CONCLUSIONS: General ultrasound screening reduces the rate of operative procedures for developmental dysplasia of the hip; the impact on developmental dysplasia of the hip. Treatment rates and avascular necrosis need further assessment to balance the benefit against potential overtreatment and adverse effects.
Rüdiger von Kries; Nicola Ihme; Lutz Altenhofen; Fritz Uwe Niethard; Rüdiger Krauspe; Simon Rückinger
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Epidemiology, Institute for Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.
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