Document Detail


Gender and trauma as predictors of military attrition: a study of Marine Corps recruits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16491944     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent studies have shown high rates of premilitary trauma exposure among U.S. military enlistees. Given the association of trauma with later stressor vulnerability, it is important to examine the role of premilitary stress and trauma in adaptation to the stress of recruit training. U.S. Marine Corps recruits (N = 1,530) were surveyed for premilitary histories of interpersonal trauma to examine the relationship between premilitary trauma and attrition from recruit training. The majority of the recruits (47.5% of men and 68.1% of women) reported experiencing at least one interpersonal trauma before entering the Marine Corps. Individuals with a history of interpersonal trauma were at significantly greater risk for attrition; they were 1.5 times more likely to drop out of recruit training than were individuals without a trauma history. These findings suggest that developing interventions to bolster recruits' coping skills may improve adaptation to the recruit training environment and thus decrease attrition.
Authors:
Jessica Wolfe; Kiban Turner; Marie Caulfield; Tamara L Newton; Katherine Melia; James Martin; Jill Goldstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  170     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-22     Completed Date:  2006-03-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1037-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Humans
Interpersonal Relations*
Life Change Events*
Male
Military Personnel / education,  psychology*
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Stress Disorders, Traumatic / epidemiology*
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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