Document Detail


Gender-specific regulation of mitochondrial fusion and fission gene transcription and viability of cortical astrocytes by steroid hormones.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18753308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Astroglia and steroid hormones such as estrogen and progesterone regulate cell growth, function, and protection in the central nervous system (CNS). It appears that astrocytes and steroids act in concert to promote cell survival under pathological conditions. With respect to the role of mitochondrial fusion and fission in energy metabolism, apoptosis, and proliferation, astrocyte mitochondria resemble a perfect intracellular target for steroids to modulate these processes, thereby promoting cell vitality after damage. We have studied the effects of estrogen and progesterone on cell viability in comparison with mitochondrial fusion and fission gene transcription in primary cortical astrocytes from female and male mouse brains. Estrogen- and progesterone-treated female astrocytes demonstrated an increase in cell number and proliferation marker accompanied by an upregulation of fusion and fission gene transcription, which were apparently balancing pro- and anti-apoptotic processes. On the other hand, male astrocytes exhibited no change in cell number after estrogen treatment, but a decrease after progesterone administration. This could be the consequence of stimulated apoptosis in male astrocytes by both steroids, which was counterbalanced by an increased proliferation in the presence of estrogen, whereas it was strengthened in the presence of progesterone. Supportively, estrogen promoted and progesterone decreased the transcription of fusion and fission genes. We suggest that estrogen and progesterone affect mitochondrial fusion and fission gene transcription in cortical astrocytes in a gender-specific way, thereby influencing mitochondrial function differently in both genders. Thus, interaction of sex steroids with mitochondria may represent one possible cause for gender differences in cellular pathology in the CNS.
Authors:
Susanne Arnold; Gilda Wright de Araújo; Cordian Beyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular endocrinology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1479-6813     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Mol. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-10     Completed Date:  2009-01-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8902617     Medline TA:  J Mol Endocrinol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-300     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Neuroanatomy, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany. sarnold@ukaachen.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Astrocytes* / cytology,  drug effects,  physiology
Cell Survival / drug effects*
Cerebral Cortex / cytology,  metabolism
Estrogens / pharmacology*
Female
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Mitochondria / drug effects*,  metabolism*,  ultrastructure
Progesterone / pharmacology*
Sex Factors
Transcription, Genetic / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogens; 57-83-0/Progesterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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