Document Detail

Gender disparities in the attribution of cardiac-related symptoms: contribution of common sense models of illness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9697944     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The role of common sense models of heart disease in the attribution of cardiac-related symptoms was examined in a sample of healthy young adults (N = 224). Participants were less likely to attribute symptoms to possible cardiac causes for female victims reporting stressful life events (M = 5.14) than for female victims without such stressors (M = 6.82) or for male victims with (M = 6.23) or without (M = 6.48) concurrent stressors. Cardiac attributions remained lowest for female/high-stress victims in additional samples of undergraduates (N = 194), community-residing adults (N = 48), and physicians (N = 45), although this outcome sometimes appeared to reflect additive, rather than interactive, effects. Two final experiments with undergraduate samples (Ns = 48 and 60, respectively) indicated that stereotypes associating heart disease with male gender may account for gender disparities in the attribution of cardiac-related symptoms.
R Martin; E E Gordon; P Lounsbury
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-12     Completed Date:  1998-11-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  346-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology and Center on Aging, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Disease / psychology*
Gender Identity*
Internal-External Control
Life Change Events
Myocardial Infarction / psychology
Sick Role*
Students / psychology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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