Document Detail


Gender differences in the incentive salience of adult and infant faces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22928658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Facial appearance can motivate behaviour and elicit activation of brain circuits putatively involved in reward. Gender differences have been observed for motivation to view beauty in adult faces-heterosexual women are motivated by beauty in general, while heterosexual men are motivated to view opposite-sex beauty alone. Although gender differences have been observed in sensitivity to infant cuteness, infant faces appear to hold equal incentive salience among men and women. In the present study, we investigated the incentive salience of attractiveness and cuteness in adult and infant faces, respectively. We predicted that, given alternative viewing options, gender differences would emerge for motivation to view infant faces. Heterosexual participants completed a "pay-per-view" key-press task, which allowed them to control stimulus duration. Gender differences were found such that infants held greater incentive salience among women, although both sexes differentiated infant faces based on cuteness. Among adult faces, men exerted more effort than women to view opposite-sex faces. These findings suggest that, contrary to previous reports, gender differences do exist in the incentive salience of infant faces as well as opposite-sex faces.
Authors:
Amanda C Hahn; Dengke Xiao; Reiner Sprengelmeyer; David I Perrett
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1747-0226     ISO Abbreviation:  Q J Exp Psychol (Hove)     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101259775     Medline TA:  Q J Exp Psychol (Hove)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a School of Psychology , University of St Andrews , St Andrews , UK.
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