Document Detail


Gender differences in food and energy intake among adult villagers in northwestern Bangladesh: a food frequency questionnaire survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15762314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study aimed to elucidate gender differences in dietary intake of rural Bangladeshi adults. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) survey using 15 food/dish items, together with anthropometric measurements, was conducted for 230 adults and adolescents (95 males and 135 females). To estimate the portion sizes of these foods/dishes, the samples consumed by 25 subjects were weighed. The FFQ revealed that rice was eaten two to three times (or more) per day by 98% of the subjects, providing nearly 60% of energy for both sexes. Puri (fried bread), meats, eggs, pulses, milk, fresh vegetables, fruits, tea with milk and sugar, and soft drinks were consumed more frequently by males. Males' larger portion sizes of rice, fish dish, potato dish, and vegetable dish resulted in larger daily energy intake per body weight in males (235 +/- 41 kJ/kg) than in females (161 +/- 28 kJ/kg). Despite males' larger energy intake, the proportion of chronically energy deficient persons (<18.5 kg/m2 in body mass index) was similar between males (35.8%) and females (37.8%), attributing to males' larger energy expenditure. Females' less-frequent consumption of nutritious foods and smaller energy intake were considered vulnerable to micronutrient deficiency.
Authors:
Noriko Sudo; Makiko Sekiyama; Chiho Watanabe; A T M Mozammel Haque Bokul; Ryutaro Ohtsuka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0963-7486     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-14     Completed Date:  2005-06-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  499-509     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Promotion and Research, National Institute of Public Health, 2-3-6 Minami, Wako-shi, Saitama Prefecture, 351-0197, Japan. norikosu@niph.go.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anthropometry
Bangladesh
Body Mass Index
Developing Countries*
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake*
Female
Food Habits*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Assessment
Questionnaires
Rural Health / statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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