Document Detail


Gender differences in determinants of weight-control behaviours among adolescents in Beirut.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19243678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between self-esteem, physical activity, engaging in risky behaviours, social and cultural capital, attitudes towards thinness, parental and personal characteristics with weight-control behaviours among adolescents in Beirut, Lebanon. DESIGN: A community-based cross-sectional study. A stratified cluster sampling design was used and information gathered by means of a questionnaire. Associations were investigated using multinomial logistic regression, accounting for the survey design. Odds ratios were calculated for trying to lose weight, or trying to gain weight, compared with no weight-control behaviour. SETTING: The study was conducted in three underprivileged urban areas of Beirut in 2003. SUBJECTS: The sample size was 1294 adolescents aged 13-19 years. RESULTS: Determinants of weight-control behaviour among girls included their attitudes towards thinness (OR(loss) = 4.29, OR(gain) = 0.38), dissatisfaction with weight (OR(loss) = 10.9, OR(gain) = 9.63), engaging in physical activity (OR(loss) = 2.22), smoking (OR(loss) approximately 3) and the mother working (OR(loss) = 2.77). Determinants of weight-control behaviour in boys included their attitudes towards thinness (OR(loss) = 14.7, OR(gain) = 0.35), dissatisfaction with weight (OR(loss) = 15.6, OR(gain) = 17.7), being involved in a cultural activity (OR(gain) = 2.51), engaging in a fight (OR(loss) = 5.25, OR(gain) = 1.64) and engaging in physical activity (OR(loss) = 2.56, OR(gain) = 2.17). CONCLUSIONS: Attitudes towards thinness, weight dissatisfaction and physical activity are common determinants for weight-control among boys and girls, although to varying degrees of influence. Self-esteem, social capital, cultural capital and parental characteristics were not significant predictors when accounting for the other variables.
Authors:
Mona N Kanaan; Rema A Afifi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-02-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-17     Completed Date:  2010-02-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Sciences, Seebohm Rowntree Building (Area 3), University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK. mk546@york.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior*
Attitude to Health*
Cluster Analysis
Exercise / physiology,  psychology*
Female
Health Behavior*
Humans
Lebanon
Logistic Models
Male
Odds Ratio
Risk-Taking
Self Concept*
Sex Factors
Smoking
Socioeconomic Factors
Thinness / psychology*
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Wellcome Trust

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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