Document Detail

Gender differences in cardiac patients: a longitudinal investigation of exercise, autonomic anxiety, negative affect and depression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19444715     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Female cardiac patients frequently experience greater anxiety and depression and engage in less exercise when compared with their male counterparts. This study considered whether exercise had similar effects on male and female cardiac patients' autonomic anxiety, negative affect and depression, and whether exercise behavior explained the gender difference in their affective functioning (e.g. autonomic anxiety, negative affect and depression). Eight hundred one participants completed the Hospital and Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) and the leisure score index (LSI) of the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire at baseline, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. Female cardiac patients had greater autonomic anxiety, negative affect and depression and reduced exercise when compared with male cardiac patients at all time points. Although exercise was significantly related to affective outcomes at various time points for both men and women, gender did not moderate any of the exercise/affective relationships, and exercise did not mediate any of the gender/affective relationships. Further research is needed to clarify the complex relationships between gender, exercise, and the affective functioning of cardiac patients.
Tiffany Hunt-Shanks; Christopher Blanchard; Robert D Reid
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology, health & medicine     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1465-3966     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Health Med     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-15     Completed Date:  2009-08-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9604099     Medline TA:  Psychol Health Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  375-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Brock University, St Catherines, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety* / epidemiology
Cardiovascular Diseases / psychology*
Depression* / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Ontario / epidemiology
Patients / psychology*
Sex Factors

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