Document Detail

Gender bias in food intake favors male preschool Guatemalan children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8429367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Gender bias in food intake and its subsequent effects on growth and illness were examined using data from rural Guatemalan children. Multiple regression controlled for energy requirements, illness, and maternal and economic factors. Gender bias in energy and protein intake favored boys; the magnitude for ages 2-5 y was 247 kJ/d. Analysis of subsequent effects showed that boys had higher rates of weight gain due to gender bias in energy intake than did girls for ages 1-2 y (0.27-0.97 kg/y), when there were no differences in illness rates due to gender bias in energy intake. For age 3-5 y, boys and girls did not differ in weight gain due to gender bias in energy intake. For ages 1-2 y for weight and stature, the growth rate for boys was faster than that of girls by 6-49% due to gender bias. This study provides evidence of gender bias in food intake in a Latin American population, but more work on the existence of and reasons for gender bias in food intake is needed before advocating that education or health programs should focus on this issue.
E A Frongillo; F Bégin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  123     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1993 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-03-05     Completed Date:  1993-03-05     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-6301.
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MeSH Terms
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Child, Preschool
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Energy Intake
Health Status
Nutritional Requirements
Regression Analysis
Rural Population
Weight Gain
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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