Document Detail


Gender-based rejection sensitivity and academic self-silencing in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22180999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Building on prior work on rejection sensitivity, we propose a social-cognitive model of gender-based rejection sensitivity (Gender RS) to account for individual differences in how women perceive and cope with gender-based evaluative threats in competitive, historically male institutions. Study 1 develops a measure of Gender RS, defined as anxious expectations of gender-based rejection. Studies 2-5 support the central predictions of the model: Gender RS is associated with increased perceptions of gender-based threats and increased coping by self-silencing-responses that reinforce feelings of alienation and diminished motivation. Study 2 shows that Gender RS is distinct from overall sensitivity to rejection or perceiving the world through the lens of gender. Study 3 shows that Gender RS becomes activated specifically when gender-based rejection is a plausible explanation for negative outcomes. Study 4 provides experimental evidence that Gender RS predicts lower academic self-confidence, greater expectations of bias, and avoidance of opportunities for further help from a weakness-focused expert evaluator. Study 5 tests the Gender RS model in situ, using daily diaries to track women's experiences during the first weeks in a highly competitive law school. Implications for women's coping with the subtle nature of contemporary sexism are discussed as well as the importance of institution-level checks to prevent the costs of gender-based rejection. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Authors:
Bonita London; Geraldine Downey; Rainer Romero-Canyas; Aneeta Rattan; Diana Tyson
Related Documents :
21241789 - Development and in vitro-in vivo relationship of controlled-release microparticles load...
19162859 - Automated diagnostic method supporting emg examination.
21545379 - Intentions and statins prescribing: can the theory of planned behaviour explain physici...
24706589 - Estimation of controlled direct effects in time-varying treatments using structural nes...
24726519 - Sibling cannibalism in a web-building spider: effects of density and shared environment.
23253369 - Baird's tapir density in high elevation forests of the talamanca region of costa rica.
24749719 - The no conclusion intervention for couples in conflict.
22982289 - Reduction techniques for network validation in systems biology.
14625869 - Further advances in the development of a data interchange standard for proteomics data.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-1315     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  How to consistently link extraversion and intelligence to the Catechol-O-Methyltransferase (COMT) ge...
Next Document:  Memory lane and morality: How childhood memories promote prosocial behavior.