Document Detail

Gastroschisis: preterm or term delivery?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20186296     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association between prematurity and the time to achieve full enteral feeding in newborns with gastroschisis. The second objective was to analyze the associations between length of hospital stay and time to achieve full enteral feeding with mode of delivery, birth weight and surgical procedure.
METHODS: The medical records of newborns with gastroschisis treated between 1997 and 2007 were reviewed. Two groups were considered: those delivered before 37 weeks (group A) and those delivered after 37 weeks (group B). The variables of gestational age, mode of delivery, birth weight, time to achieve full enteral feeding, length of hospital stay and surgical approach were analyzed and compared between groups.
RESULTS: Forty-one patients were studied. In Group A, there were 14 patients with a mean birth weight (BW) of 2300 g (range=1680-3000) and a mean gestational age (GA) of 36 weeks (range=34-36). In group B, there were 24 patients with a mean BW of 2700 g (range=1500-3550) and a mean GA of 38 weeks (range=37-39). The mean time to achieve full enteral feeding was 30.1+/-6.7 days in group A and 17.0+/-2.5 days in group B (p=0.09) with an OR of 0.82 and a 95% CI of 0.20-3.23 after adjustment for sepsis and BW. No statistical difference was found between low BW (<2500 g), mode of delivery and number of days to achieve full enteral feeding (p=0.34 and p=0.13, respectively). Patients with BW over 2500 g had fewer days in the hospital (22.9+/-3.1 vs. 35.7+/-5.7 days; p=0.06).
CONCLUSION: The results of this study do not support the idea of anticipating the delivery of fetuses with gastroschisis in order to achieve full enteral feeding earlier.
Henrique Soares; Ana Silva; Gustavo Rocha; Susana Pissarra; Jorge Correia-Pinto; Hercília Guimarães
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil)     Volume:  65     ISSN:  1980-5322     ISO Abbreviation:  Clinics (Sao Paulo)     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-26     Completed Date:  2010-12-03     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101244734     Medline TA:  Clinics (Sao Paulo)     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neonatology Department, São João Hospital and Porto Medical School - Porto/Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Delivery, Obstetric / methods*
Enteral Nutrition*
Gastroschisis / diagnosis,  therapy*
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
Premature Birth*
Prenatal Diagnosis
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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