Document Detail


Gastrointestinal profile of symptomatic athletes at rest and during physical exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14634826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Some athletes suffer from exercise-induced gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances. We developed a profile of GI parameters in 10 symptomatic and 10 asymptomatic athletes both at rest and during exercise. Exercise included 90 min of cycling and running at 70% of maximal power. We measured oesophageal motility, gastro-oesophageal reflux, gastric emptying, orocaecal transit time (OCTT), intestinal permeability and intestinal glucose absorption. During cycling the number and duration of refluxes were increased, whereas gastric emptying showed no differences between rest, cycling and running. The OCTT was increased in the running trial, compared to rest (P=0.005). Also, intestinal permeability was higher in the running trial, compared to rest (P=0.008). There were no differences in intestinal glucose absorption between rest and exercise. Compared with asymptomatic athletes the symptomatic subjects had a higher intestinal permeability (P=0.001), more reflux episodes (P=0.03) and a longer duration of reflux (P<0.05) during cycling. No differences were observed at rest. In conclusion, there is no difference in GI profile between symptomatic and asymptomatic athletes at rest. During exercise, symptomatic subjects have a longer OCTT and a higher intestinal permeability, which is more pronounced during running than during cycling.
Authors:
Michiel A van Nieuwenhoven; Fred Brouns; Robert-Jan M Brummer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article     Date:  2003-11-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-16     Completed Date:  2004-11-04     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  429-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Maastricht, P.O. Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands. M.vannieuwenhoven@hb.unimaas.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Exercise*
Female
Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Gastrointestinal Motility*
Glucose / metabolism*
Humans
Intestines / metabolism*
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion*
Rest*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-99-7/Glucose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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