Document Detail

Gastrointestinal perforation and peritonitis in infants and children: experience with 179 cases over ten years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8862373     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Premature infants continue to have a high mortality after gastrointestinal perforation. This report describes 179 patients with gastrointestinal perforation and peritonitis and compares etiologic factors, mortality, and causes of death in premature infants and older children in an attempt to predict outcome. METHODS: The 113 boys (63.1%) and 66 girls (36.9%) had an age range of newborn (n = 139, 77.6%) to 17 years. Site of perforation was gastric in 16, duodenal in 9, small bowel in 105, colon in 37, and undesignated in 12. Eighteen had multiple perforations. Etiologic factors in newborns (younger than 2 months) included necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (75, 41.9%), isolated ileal perforations (30, 21.5%), malrotation/volvulus (8), iatrogenic causes (5), and others (6). Gestational age was 29.6 +/- 4.3 weeks for NEC versus 31.4 +/- 5.4 weeks for non-NEC. Birth weight for patients with NEC was 1.45 +/- 0.8 gm and 1.81 +/- 1.0 gm for non-NEC babies. Etiologic factors in 33 older children (older than 2 months to 17 years) were trauma (10), Meckel's diverticulum (4), intussusception (2), pseudomembranous colitis (2), adhesions (2), stomal leak (2), others (4), and nondesignated (7). Gastric perforations (n = 16) were iatrogenic in 7, idiopathic in 5, and caused by an ulcer in 4. RESULTS: Mortality for NEC was 36 of 75 (48%), 15 of 55 (27.2%) for non-NEC infants (p < 0.05 versus NEC), 15.1% (5 of 33) for older children (p < 0.05 versus NEC), and 4 of 16 (25%) for gastric perforation. Infant deaths were related to overwhelming sepsis, immaturity of systems, and multiorgan failure. Deaths for older children were a result of sepsis, multiorgan failure, and immunodeficiency. CONCLUSIONS: Gastrointestinal perforation is more common in premature infants with the highest mortality (48%) noted in NEC. Despite surgical intervention and advances in neonatal intensive care unit care, premature low birth weight infants (especially NEC) continue to have a high mortality.
J L Grosfeld; F Molinari; M Chaet; S A Engum; K W West; F J Rescorla; L R Scherer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery     Volume:  120     ISSN:  0039-6060     ISO Abbreviation:  Surgery     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-20     Completed Date:  1996-11-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417347     Medline TA:  Surgery     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  650-5; discussion 655-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Intestinal Perforation / etiology,  mortality*,  surgery
Peritonitis / microbiology,  mortality*,  surgery
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

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