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Gastrointestinal bleeding with the HeartMate II left ventricular assist device.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22425231     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) have yielded improved outcomes compared with pulsatile flow devices for patients on long-term support. However, significant rates of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) have been observed during CF-LVAD support. METHODS: From March 2006 through March 2011, 86 patients with chronic heart failure underwent implantation of a CF-LVAD (HeartMate II; Thoratec Corp., Pleasanton, CA). Records were reviewed to determine the prevalence of post-implant GIB, location of the bleeding site and associated morbidity and mortality. Uni- and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify independent predictors of GIB. RESULTS: GIB occurred in 19 patients (22.1%) with a duration of support that ranged from 5 to 456 days. Sources of GIB included small bowel and rectum in 6 patients each, large bowel in 2 patients and stomach in 1 patient. No definite source was identified in 4 patients. There were no deaths referable to GIB. Recurrent GIB occurred in 4 patients. History of a GIB prior to LVAD implant was the only variable significantly different between patients with and without post-implant GIB (21.1% vs 10.4%, p = 0.016), and was the only independent predictor of GIB (OR = 2.24, 95% CI 2.121 to 2.435, p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Gastrointestinal bleeding is a frequent source of morbidity for patients on HeartMate II LVAD support but does not significantly impact survival. As implantation of CF-LVADs with non-pulsatile flow gains popularity for both bridge-to-transplant and destination therapy, a better understanding of the pathophysiology of GIB in these patients will be needed for minimizing this complication.
Jeffrey A Morgan; Gaetano Paone; Hassan W Nemeh; Scott E Henry; Rosan Patel; Jessica Vavra; Celeste T Williams; David E Lanfear; Cristina Tita; Robert J Brewer
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-3117     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102703     Medline TA:  J Heart Lung Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan.
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