Document Detail

Gastrobronchial fistula after sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass: endoscopic management and prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21643779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Gastrobronchial fistula (GBF) is a serious complication following bariatric surgery, whose treatment by thoracotomy and/or laparotomy involves a high morbidity rate. We present the outcomes of endoscopic management for GBF as a helpful technique for its healing process. This is a multicenter retrospective study of 15 patients who underwent gastric bypass (n = 10) and sleeve gastrectomy (n = 5) and presented GBF postoperatively (mean of 6.7 months). Ten patients developed lung abscess and were treated by antibiotic therapy (n = 10) and thoracotomy (n = 3). Abdominal reoperation was performed in nine patients for abscess drainage (n = 9) and/or ring removal (n = 4) and/or nutritional access (n = 6). The source of the GBF was at the angle of His (n = 14). Furthermore, 14 patients presented a narrowing of the gastric pouch treated by 20 or 30 mm aggressive balloon dilation (n = 11), stricturotomy or septoplasty (n = 10) and/or stent (n = 7). Fibrin glue was used in one patient. We performed, on average, 4.5 endoscopic sessions per patient. Endotherapy led to a 93.3% (14 out of 15) success rate in GBF closure with an average healing time of 4.4 months (range, 1-10 months), being shorter in the stent group (2.5 × 9.5 months). There was no recurrence during the average 27.3-month follow-up. A patient persisted with GBF, despite the fibrin glue application, and decided to discontinue it. GBF is a highly morbid complication, which usually arises late in the postoperative period. Endotherapy through different strategies is a highly effective therapeutic option and should be implemented early in order to shorten leakage healing time.
Josemberg Marins Campos; Eduardo Franca Pereira; Luis Fernando Evangelista; Luciana Siqueira; Manoel Galvão Neto; Victor Dib; Marcelo Falcão; Vitor Arantes; Diego Awruch; Walton Albuquerque; João Ettinger; Almino Ramos; Alvaro Ferraz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-0428     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106714     Medline TA:  Obes Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Rua Vigário Barreto, 127/802-Graças, 52020-140, Recife, PE, Brazil,
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