Document Detail

Gastric metaplasia: a frequently overlooked feature of duodenal biopsy specimens in untreated celiac disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10776950     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Duodenal gastric metaplasia is rarely reported in untreated celiac disease, although it is seen in 60% to 100% of duodenal biopsy specimens in nonceliac patients with histologic duodenitis. The low incidence could represent underreporting, a decreased incidence in pediatric patients generally, or the more distal sampling site that is customary for most biopsy specimens that are obtained to diagnose celiac disease. It could also be a unique feature of the inflammatory reaction that characterizes this disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of gastric metaplasia in duodenal specimens from children with untreated celiac disease with special reference to patient age and biopsy site. METHOD: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of duodenal mucosa were selected from the pathology department's archival material. Sections were either stained histochemically or by immunochemical methods, according to an antigen-retrieval protocol. Forty-four duodenal specimens from untreated patients with celiac disease (n = 22) and control subjects of similar age with normal histology (n = 22) were examined. Ten of each were obtained during upper endoscopy from the proximal duodenum (proximal site) and 12 of each by Crosby capsule near the ligament of Treitz (distal site). RESULTS: All specimens from patients with celiac disease exhibited marked villous atrophy. None had been noted to have gastric metaplasia during routine examination of sections stained by hematoxylin and eosin. Fifteen (68%) of 22 of the celiac specimens and 2 of 22 (9%) control specimens contained gastric metaplasia, identified as patches of gastric-type cells containing MUC5AC (gastric mucin), pS2 (gastric trefoil factor) and neutral (periodic acid-Schiff-positive) mucin. Five of the seven celiac specimens that had no metaplasia showed increased numbers of goblet cells expressing gastric markers. The incidence of gastric metaplasia was not different for endoscopic (70%) or capsule (67%) specimens. Sixty-eight percent (7/11) of patients aged less than 3 years had gastric metaplasia. CONCLUSION: The presence of gastric metaplasia has been previously underreported in celiac disease specimens. Detection would be improved by the routine use of period acid-Schiff/ alcian blue staining. The incidence of gastric metaplasia in celiac disease is not significantly influenced by biopsy site or age at time of the biopsy.
R Shaoul; M A Marcon; Y Okada; E Cutz; G Forstner
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0277-2116     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-27     Completed Date:  2000-07-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  397-403     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Hospital for Sick Children, Okayama Prefectural University, Soja, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Case-Control Studies
Celiac Disease / pathology*
Child, Preschool
Duodenal Diseases / epidemiology*,  pathology
Duodenum / pathology*
Japan / epidemiology
Metaplasia / epidemiology,  pathology

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