Document Detail


Gastric emptying rate of solids is reduced in a group of ileostomy patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10961705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Feedback inhibition from the colon acts as a potent inhibitor of gastrointestinal motility via an array of gut peptides and neural pathways. The effect of total colonectomy on gastric emptying was assessed in five healthy ileostomy patients (<5 cm ileal resection) and five matched controls. Each subject consumed two isoenergetic test meals of contrasting fat-carbohydrate ratio in random order. Emptying of solids was measured using the [13C]octanoic acid breath test, and liquid emptying was assessed after oral dosing with paracetamol. Ileostomist subjects exhibited an increased half-emptying time for solids (P = 0.047), which included components of an increased gastric lag time (P = 0.004) and a reduction in the linear emptying rate (P = 0.003). There was no difference in the pattern of liquid emptying between subject groups. In conclusion, the gastric emptying rate of solids was reduced in ileostomy patients compared with controls.
Authors:
M D Robertson; J C Mathers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Digestive diseases and sciences     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0163-2116     ISO Abbreviation:  Dig. Dis. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-09-14     Completed Date:  2000-09-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902782     Medline TA:  Dig Dis Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1285-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Human Nutrition Research Centre, Department of Biological and Nutritional Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Case-Control Studies
Colitis, Ulcerative / metabolism,  surgery
Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism
Dietary Fats / metabolism
Female
Gastric Emptying*
Humans
Ileostomy*
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Period
Reference Values
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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